Home NRT


Is Smoking Cigarettes a Cause of Acne?

Print PDF


Some researchers believe yes, smoking may indeed be a cause of acne. Researchers at the San Gallicano Dermatological Institute in Rome, Italy, suggest smoking cigarettes causes acne breakouts, specifically non-inflamed blackheads and blocked pores.The study indicates that among adults with acne, non-smokers were more likely to suffer from inflammatory acne. Smokers, however, were much more likely to experience non-inflammatory breakouts. These findings point to what could be considered a new entity among smoking-related skin diseases, which researchers have dubbed "smoker's acne."

According to researchers, 42% of smokers suffered from acne, compared to 10% of non-smokers. But cigarette smokers seemed to develop non-inflamed acne at a much higher rate than other adult acne sufferers. Within the women in the study, three quarters of those with non-inflamed acne were smokers. The number of cigarettes smoked didn't seem to have an effect on the severity of acne breakouts. But if women had experienced acne in their teen years, they were four times more likely to experience smoker's acne as an adult.  Among non-smokers who suffered from non-inflammatory acne, almost half (48.9%) were exposed to environmental factors, such as working in a steam-filled kitchen or being constantly exposed to smoke, that could have contributed to their acne.Other findings include:

·          76% of those with non-inflammatory were smokers

·          91% of smokers who suffered from acne had the non-inflammatory form

·          Among those with severe non-inflammatory acne, 81% were smokers

One thousand women aged 25 to 50 took part in the study. The findings were published in the British Journal of Dermatology.


NRT Usage Tips For Some

Print PDF


As a rule, getting nicotine from NRT is much safer than from cigarettes. This is because NRT does not contain the harmful chemicals or substances which are found in cigarettes. But the following points should be considered by the people involved in each group.

  • Pregnancy: NRT is likely to be safer than continued smoking and so its use can be justified in pregnant women who are finding it difficult to stop smoking. NRT products that are taken intermittently (such as gum, lozenge, spray, and inhalator) are preferred to patches. This is to minimize the exposure of nicotine to the unborn baby. Avoid liquorice-flavoured NRT products.
  • Breastfeeding: The amount of nicotine that gets into breast milk is probably similar whether the mother smokes or uses NRT. Breastfeeding within one hour of smoking or taking an NRT product can significantly increase the levels of nicotine in breast milk. Therefore, NRT products that are taken intermittently are probably best if NRT is used during breastfeeding. Avoid using the NRT for at least one hour before breastfeeding.

  • If you are taking a Theophylline medicine used for some lung conditions and have stopped smoking, Theophylline levels in blood will increase. A reason behind this is that chemicals in cigarette smoke interfere with this medicine. It is likely that the dose you need to take should be adjusted and often reduced by about a third.



Third Hand Smoke

Print PDF

Third Hand Smoke – Why You Need to Detoxify Your Living Spaces AND Your Lungs


Cigarette smoke breathed in by people other than the person smoking the cigarette (worst effected being children and babies) that is doing these ‘inadvertently smoking’ individuals damage.  But what you really want to know is, what could this ‘Third Hand Smoke’ be, and how does it affect me and my family?

What is Third Hand Smoke?

Third Hand Smoke is a term given to cigarette smoke residue, laid down over time, that can harm non-smokers that live or spend time in the area that was, or is continuing to be, smoked in.  Anyone who isn’t a smoker can smell when a smoker has been nearby, even if they weren’t smoking.  Stepping into an enclosed space with a smoker, like a lift, can alert a non-smoker to their destructive habit, even if they are not partaking at the time.   Similarly, if a non-smoker steps into a smoker’s house, they can tell immediately that the space has seen heavy smoking activity.  What they can smell is the residue of what could be years of tar deposition within that space.  On the walls, furnishings, and especially the carpets, every surface is coated in Third Hand Smoke.

There is some complex chemistry involved, but besides all the tar chemicals that are damaging your lungs every time you light up, some of the nicotine layered wherever smoking has taken place interacts with gasses given off by your gas appliances (heaters and ovens), or your car exhaust (if you’ve smoked as you drive), to create even more damaging carcinogens (cancer causing compounds).  So you can see that Third Hand Smoke can pose a real threat, but those worst affected are sadly infants and children.

Third Hand Smoke and Infants

Think about it.  Where do infants and young children spend most of their time?  On the floor.  Infants + carpets + years of smoking = bad news.  Infants and small children, due to their proximity to the floor and other surfaces, and their faster breathing, take in about twenty times (20x!!!) more of the particles containing Third Hand Smoking toxins than adults do.  Add to this the infant brain’s susceptibility to damage from very low level toxins, and you are likely to be doing your young children permanent damage.   As Jonathan Winickoff, a pediatrician at the Dana–Farber/Harvard Cancer Center in Boston, says,

“…Studies in rats suggest that tobacco toxin exposure is the leading cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We think it is [caused by] respiratory suppression…”

So you can see why quitting smoking, and detoxifying not only your lungs, but your entire living spaces, is vitally important for the health of not only yourself, but your family and friends.  Some sources recommend replacement of clothing, furniture, and even internal wall materials to remove all traces of these dangerous carcinogens, however there are several, less expensive actions you can take today to reduce this risk.

Page 4 of 5

All subjects in this section are prepared by Dr. Nasim Lavasani Pham.D of Tehran Medical University.

Send your request to lavasani@dentii.info .